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Author Topic: Temple of Augustus Found in Pompeiopolis  (Read 99 times)
Description: Roman city
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« on: September 09, 2007, 04:40:21 PM »

Friday, September 7, 2007 - TAŞK�PR� - Anatolia News Agency

Archaeologists working in the region expect to find many other findings such as inscriptions and coins in further excavations at the site

Recent excavations in the ancient city of Pompeiopolis, a Roman city located in Kastamonu's Taşk�pr� district, uncovered a forum and the temple of Roman Emperor Augustus.

     A team including renowned German geophysicist, J�rg Fassbinderm, who calls the discovery quite promising has carried out the excavation work at the site.

  While other Temples of Augustus also exist in Ankara and İzmir's Bergama region, the recent temple found in the ancient city of Pompeiopolis is the best preserved, said excavation team leader, Latife Summerer, of Munich University in Germany. He added that no other sample existed in the Black Sea region and that they hoped to find other items such as inscriptions and coins in further excavations at the site.   

About Pompeiopolis:

  Pompeiopolis was a Roman city-state in ancient Paphlagonia, situated today in Kastamonu's Taşk�pr� district. Pompeiopolis is believed to have been established by a Roman general and politician, Pompey (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus), in 64 B.C.

  The first excavations in the area, which uncovered some columns and mosaic tile panels were conducted in 1910, however a devastating fire that broke out in 1927 in the nearby residential area greatly harmed the ruins. Many of the artifacts that were revealed in early excavations are currently being exhibited in the Kastamonu Archaeology Museum.

  In addition to recent findings, the remains of the city today also consist of an acropolis, rock-cut tombs, tumulus, a bridge and remains of houses with mosaic tile floors. Archaeological works indicate that many more artifacts and remains may be uncovered with further archaeological digging. 

  It is believed that Pompeiopolis was shortly deserted in the late sixth or early seventh centuries A.D. after attacks by Persian or Arab tribes. The Turks conquered the region in the 11th century.


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« Reply #1 on: September 09, 2007, 11:07:26 PM »

CILICIA, Soli-Pompeiopolis.
Gordian III. 238-244 AD. � 32mm (14.91 gm). Dated year 306 (240/1 AD).
CILICIA, Soli-Pompeiopolis. Gordian III. 238-244 AD. � 32mm (14.91 gm). Dated year 306 (240/1 AD). Radiate and cuirassed bust right / City goddess seated on rocks, holding grain ear; river-god swimming at her feet. SNG Levante 892 (this coin). Nice VF, brown patina, green highlights.


A titular see in Paphlagonia. The ancient name of the town is unknown; it may have been Eupatoria which Pliny (VI, ii, 3), followed by Le Quien and Battandier, wrongly identifies with the Eupatoria of Mithridates. The latter was called Magnopolis by Pompey. Pompeiopolis was, with Andrapa-Neapolis, in 64 B. C. included by Pompey in the Province of Pontus, but the annexation was premature, as the town (which ranked as a metropolis) was restored to vassal princes of eastern Paphlagonia and definitively annexed to the Roman Empire in 6 B. C. Strabo (XIII, iii, 48) says that in the neighbourhood was a mine of realgar or sulphuret of arsenic, which was worked by criminals. As early as the middle of the seventh century the "Ecthesis" of Pseudo-Epiphanius (ed. Gelzer, 535) ranks it as an autocephalous archdiocese, which title it probably received when Justinian (Novell�, xxix) reorganized the province of Paphlagonia. In the eleventh century Pompeiopolis became a metropolitan see (Parthey, "Hieroclis Synecdemus", 97) and it was still such in the fourteenth century (Gelzer, "Ungedruckte-Texte der Notiti� episcopatuum", 608). Shortly afterwards the diocese was suppressed. Le Quien (Oriens christ., I, 557-60) mentions fourteen titulars of this diocese the last of whom, Gregory, lived about 1350. Amon them were Philadelphus, at the Council of Nic�a (325); Sophronius, at that of Seleucia; Arginus, at Ephesus (431); �therius, at Chalcedon (451); Severus, Constantinople (553); Theodore, Constantinople (680-1); Maurianus, Nic�a (787); and John, Constantinople (869). Pompeiopolis is now called Tach-Keupru (bridge of stone), because of an ancient bridge over the Tatai-Tchai or Gueul-Irmak, the ancient Ammias, and is in the sandjak and vilayet of Kastamouni twenty-five miles north-east of that town. It has about 7000 inhabitants, of whom 700 are Christians, the majority Armenian schismatics.


Paphlagonia was an ancient area on the Black Sea coast of north central Anatolia, situated between Bithynia and Pontus, and separated from Phrygia (later, Galatia) by a prolongation to the east of the Bithynian Olympus. According to Strabo, the river Parthenius formed the western limit of the region, and it was bounded on the east by the Halys river.

Although the Paphlagonians play scarcely any part in history, they were one of the most ancient nations of Anatolia (Iliad, ii. 851�857). They were mentioned by Herodotus among the peoples conquered by Croesus, and they sent an important contingent to the army of Xerxes in 480 BC. Xenophon speaks of them as being governed by a prince of their own, without any reference to the neighboring satraps, a freedom perhaps due to the nature of their country, with its lofty mountain ranges and difficult passes. All these rulers appear to have borne the name Pylaimenes as a sign that they claimed descent from the chieftain of that name who figures in the Iliad as leader of the Paphlagonians.

At a later period, Paphlagonia passed under the control of the Macedonian kings, and after the death of Alexander the Great, it was assigned, together with Cappadocia and Mysia, to Eumenes. However, it continued to be governed by native princes until it was absorbed by the encroaching power of Pontus. The rulers of that dynasty became masters of the greater part of Paphlagonia as early as the reign of Mithridates Ctistes (302�266 BC), but it was not until 183 BC that Pharnaces reduced the Greek city of Sinope under their control. From that time, the whole province was incorporated into the kingdom of Pontus until the fall of Mithridates (65 BC).

Pompey united the coastal districts of Paphlagonia, along with the greater part of Pontus, with the Roman province of Bithynia, but left the interior of the country under the native princes, until the dynasty became extinct and the whole country was incorporated into the Roman Empire. The name was still retained by geographers, though its boundaries are not distinctly defined by the geographer Claudius Ptolemy. Paphlagonia reappeared as a separate province in the 5th century AD (Hierocles, Synecd. c. 33).

In the times of the Hittites, it had been inhabited by the Kashka people. Their exact ethnic relation to the Paphlagonians is uncertain. It seems perhaps that they were related to the people of the adjoining country, Cappadocia, who were speakers of one of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European languages. Their language would appear, from Strabo's testimony, to have been distinctive.

The greater part of Paphlagonia is a rugged mountainous country, but it contains fertile valleys and produces a great abundance of hazelnuts and fruit � particularly plums, cherries and pears. The mountains are clothed with dense forests, conspicuous for the quantity of boxwood that they furnish. Hence, its coasts were occupied by Greeks from an early period. Among these, the flourishing city of Sinope, founded from Miletus about 630 BC, stood pre-eminent. Amastris, a few miles east of the Parthenius river, became important under the rule of the Macedonian monarchs; while Amisus, a colony of Sinope situated a short distance east of the Halys river (and therefore not strictly in Paphlagonia as defined by Strabo), grew to become almost a rival of its parent city.

The most considerable towns of the interior were Gangra � in ancient times the capital of the Paphlagonian kings, afterwards called Germanicopolis, situated near the frontier of Galatia � and Pompeiopolis, in the valley of the Amnias river, near extensive mines of the mineral called by Strabo sandarake (red arsenic or arsenic sulfide), largely exported from Sinope.

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